Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union and English an akbar economic times forex language for official work. India, is a country in South Asia. The name India is derived from Indus, which is derived from the Old Persian word Hindu, from Sanskrit Sindhu, the historic local name for the Indus River. The Constitution of India and common usage in Hindi also recognize Bharat as an official name of equal status.
Further complexity is lent by the great variation of income and education. India is home to four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, whose spiritual patrimony has largely shaped the cultures of Asia. With the world’s fourth largest economy in purchasing power and the second fastest growing large economy, India has made rapid progress in recent decades, especially in information technology. India is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement at the United Nations and has been a nuclear power since 1974.
Although a socialist and heavily bureaucratic economy constrained its economic development through the 1980s, significant economic reforms beginning in 1991 have transformed India into one of the world’s fastest-growing economies and an emerging superpower. It is bounded on the southwest by the Arabian Sea and on the southeast by the Bay of Bengal. The Himalayas are to the north, while Kanyakumari constitutes the southern tip of the Indian peninsula. India constitutes the major portion of the Indian sub-continent, which sits atop the Indian Plate and the northwesterly portion of the Indo-Australian Plate. India’s northern and north-eastern states are partly situated in the Himalayan Range. The rest of northern, central, and eastern India consists of the fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain.